louis ule


ABOUT LOUIS ULE, author of
Christopher Marlowe 1564-1607:
A Biography


Louis Ule was also the author/editor of A Concordance to the Shakespeare Apocrypha (The Elizabethan concordance series), published in 3 volumes, the author/editor of Concordances to the works of Christopher Marlowe and Thomas Nashe.

Mr. Ule was a founding member of the Marlowe Society at Texas Tech University and a founding member of The Shakespeare Roundtable in Southern California.

Few people have read Louis Ule's book on the life of Christopher Marlowe because he only published 70 copies in 1995. The 593 page book is filled with detailed information about Marlowe's life, the writings of his friend Thomas Nashe and how they further illuminate both Marlowe and his father, John, and the connections between Marlowe and other men living in 16th century England. Although many of us who believe Marlowe was Shakespeare will not agree with all of Ule's conjectures, such as his identification of the Shake-scene alluded to in Greene's "Groatsworth of Wit", his many gems of information make the book well worth reading.

As an engineer, Mr. Ule was a puzzle solver who was convinced Marlowe's was the hand behind the Shakespeare works. Knowing that such a brilliant person could not just disappear in exile without leaving traces of himself, Ule decided to find the names of men for whom nothing is known prior to May 30th, 1593 in order to find one who seemed to suddenly appear on the scene after that day. He found two such men: William Cotton and Hugh Sanford. The most interesting aspect of the book may be Ule's conclusion that one of Marlowe's several aliases after 1593 was Hugh Sanford, who came to live at Wilton soon after the dramatist's "death" at Deptford. Sanford replaced Samuel Daniel as tutor for the Earl of Pembroke's two sons William and Philip, to whom the Shakespeare First Folio was dedicated. When the 2nd Earl of Pembroke died in 1601 he left a grant in his Will to Hugh Sanford higher than anyone else in his household.

Louis Ule was born in the early part of the twentieth century, in Cleveland, Ohio, the son of Slovenian immigrant parents. He went on to serve in World War II as a Navy radar technician, returning to the States after the war to earn his Master's Degree in mathematics from DePaul University in 1948. His career has involved working as an instructor in electronic engineering when television was just beginning to evolve. Over the years Mr. Ule registered twenty U.S. patents with the government on various engineering and technological aspects of his career, and published numerous technical papers. In 1951 the author moved to Los Angeles where he worked as an aerospace engineer with Rockwell and Northrop. Mr. Ule also continued his education at both UCLA and USC by taking graduate courses in mathematics, engineering and French. Twelve years later, he began his research into the life of Christopher Marlowe and Elizabethan affairs in general, a pastime and personal love affair that continued until his death a few years after his book was published.

The question of the authorship of the Shakespeare Apocrypha, which has long vexed students of English literature, was brought into prominence by the studies of Ephraim Everitt and Eric Sams on “Edmund Ironside”. Mr. Ule's concordance was intended to meet the need for an objective means of ascertaining the authorship of these works, such as can be provided by computer based techniques of stylistic and linguistic analysis. The concordance contains the full text of thirteen Shakespeare plays, followed by a word index for each one, a frequency ranked vocabulary-frequency list, summary statistics and eight logical frequency distributions: The Lamentabel and True Tragedy of M. Arden of Feversham in Kent; The Reign of King Edward the Third; The Famous Victories of Henry the Fifth; The History of King Henry the Fourth; Edmund Ironside; The Troublesome Reign of King John (Part 1 and 2); The True Chronicle History of King Leir and His Three Daughters Gonoril, Ragan and Cordella; The Tragedy of Richard The Third; A Pleasant Conceited History called The Taming of A Shrew; Woodstock; The First Part of the Contention Betwixt the Two Famus Houses of York and Lancaster; The True Tragedy of Richard Duke of York and The Death of Good King Henry the Sixth. There is also a fifty-page cluster analysis of comparative vocabulary; for this purpose the data are supplemented by all Marlowe’s plays and five of Shakespeare’s (Antony and Cleopatra, 1 Henry IV, Henry V, Julius Caesar, and Richard II).